细节是重要的

许多朋友需要我帮助他们提高英语,在这里我要提出一些重要的观点。我认为“细节是重要的”,让我给大家解释一下。中国的英语老师让中国学生对学习英语没有动力,但是进入大学后许多学生自己有强大的愿望想学习英语。但是他们还缺乏一样东西。这个就是“细节。”
如 果我是一个在中国教英语的中国老师,我自己可能会忽略大小写,标点符号,和间距。我的观点很简单。美国人在各个基层学校都要学习注意这些小细节(大小写, 标点,空格间距)。所以,如果不知道怎么用这些标点,空格,你的书写就显得非常幼稚。我三分之一的时间都花在Lang-8上纠结这些大小写,标点,和空格 错误。
这些看起来是多于的。我在说什么?基层啊。学习这些基础规则。
1)正确的使用大小写和专用名词。
a) 大写第一字的一个句子
例如)She went out.They went with her.Here they come!
b)大写第一字的一个专有名词(例如:国,文,天,宗教,桥牌,组织,等等)
例如)California (不是 california), Monday (不是 monday), Chinese (不是 chinese), Bhuddism (not bhuddism),The Golden Gate (不是 the golden gate),the United States Forest Service (不是 the united states forest service),etc.
c)我们有很多大写的法则。
2) 在句子后或逗号后面使用空格,而不是在之前。
否则,你写出来的东西会让母语国家的人感到幼稚。
有这么简单吗?我们也有很多的标点符号法则。
并不是,否则我也不会每周花几百美元来修改。
需要了解更多信息,请进入我的页面。http://www.sedgehead.com/index.php/learn-english/8-little-things-are-important

 

Little Things are Important

 

         This blog has two parts, a condensed version and a longer one

 

Short version

Part One: What are the Little Things?

 

Capitalization, punctuation, and spacing

*** Capitalization

Start each sentence with a capital letter and remember to capitalize the first letter of what we call “proper nouns.”

*** Punctuation and Spacing

Use a space after a period. Do not put a space before a period. Use only one space between each word (not two). I prefer two spaces after a period (older style). Today, many people use only one. That's ok.

 

Part Two: Why are little things important?

The correct use of capitalization, punctuation, and spacing is very important. How important? I earn several hundred dollars each month correcting these little things. But more importantly those little things are important to you. If you write a letter for a company, if you prepare your resume, or if you apply for college or take the written portion of the graduate record exam (GRE) these things will suddenly become very important to you.

 

Long version

 

Little Things are Important

Five or more versions of this blog exist on the internet. I want to emphasize as simply as possible the importance of what I call “The Little Things.” At the end of this blog I will also add some useful contact information. If I have directed you to read this blog it is because you made one of those two things, to improve your use of “The Little Things” in your writing or you need the contact information.

 

Part One: What are the Little Things?

What are “The Little Things?” To say it very simply they are capitalization, punctuation, and spacing. Why are they important to my Chinese friends? First, because Chinese teachers of English concentrate on other things and neglect these little things and second, because native speakers find them very important. I will explain more below.

 

Capitalization

Let me say it quickly at first so that if you have difficulty reading English you can capture my meaning quickly. First, I will discuss capitalization. Start each sentence with a capital letter and remember to capitalize the first letter of what we call “proper nouns.” I will illustrate with two groups of words.

 

Common nouns (not usually capitalized)

            a house; a building; a city; state

Proper nouns (first letter capitalized)

            The White House; The Emperor’s Palace; New York; New York

Exception: when referring to a specific noun the common form is still capitalized because it represents the proper form. Examples: When I was in New York I spent two weeks in that City.

 

Common nouns (not usually capitalized)

            a province; a country; an organization

Proper nouns (first letter capitalized)

            Sichuan Province; The People’s Republic of China; the Boston Celtics

Note: please note that I capitalize the word province if it refers to a specific province. Example: He lives in Hunan Province but he was born in another province. He has been living in the Province for 14 years.

 

Common nouns (not usually capitalized)

            a ship; a storm; a religion

Proper nouns (first letter capitalized)

            The Starship Enterprise; Hurricane Sheila; Buddhism

 

Also, use "I" as a word and not "i." When you say, "i did something" it looks very strange to me!

 

Punctuation and Spacing

As an editor I often have to correct the punctuation a Chinese writers of English. I will explain why this is frustrating below. For now, let’s look at some good and bad examples.

A correctly punctuated (and true) paragraph: I woke up early this morning and checked my e-mail, chatted with a few friends on QQ, and waited for my cousins to arrive. At 8:00, they drove up. They spent the day working in my yard, planting plants, cutting down trees, and trimming shrubs. Why did I leave at 2:00 p.m.? I had to see a physical therapist.

An INCORRECTLY punctuated (and true) paragraph: I woke up early this morning and checked my e –mail ,chatted with a few friends on QQ , and waited for my cousins to arrive .At 8:00 ,they drove up . They spent the day working in my yard ,planting plants,cutting down trees,and trimming shrubs.Why did I leave at 2:00 p .m. ? I had to see a physical therapist .

What is the difference? The first paragraph has a correct use of punctuation and spacing. In the second paragraph a variety of spacing methods are used with the punctuation none of which are correct.

 

Part II: Why are little things important?

The correct use of capitalization, punctuation, and spacing is very important. How important? I earn several hundred dollars each month correcting these little things for Chinese, Japanese, and other non-native speakers of English. But more importantly those little things are important to you. If you write a letter for a company, if you prepare your resume, or if you apply for college or take the written portion of the graduate record exam (GRE) these things will suddenly become very important to you.

I’m trying to keep this blog simple. But put yourself in the place of an American working for a corporation in China. You want to hire a salesman, but you want to hire and native speaker of Chinese who can also contact other businesses for your company using both English and Chinese. You receive 11 resumes from highly qualified candidates. Any one of them could probably do the job well. Seven of those applicants have resumes consistently use spaces incorrectly. Four of those applicants pay attention to the little things very carefully. Your next decision is very simple. You place the seven resumes aside and do not consider them for the job. You now have four resumes from people who will write good English.

 

Why Americans Consider the Little Things Important

When I was in third and fourth grade, after I had mastered the alphabet and basic words my teachers began to look at my writing more closely. They suddenly emphasized good capitalization, punctuation, and spacing. After that, my teachers assumed I knew how to use these little things correctly. At the college level, if I made three or more errors with these little things on a paper I wrote for my English teacher I would get a failing grade. Yes, we do consider this very important. American teachers teach the little things had a very young age. I suspect you’re an adult or close to it. When I read your blogs I expect you to know about these very simple little things. If you neglect them consistently I won’t keep editing your blogs. Why? It is simply a matter of time. I have added nearly one hundred new friends on this web site this week. I will refer some of you to this blog. But I need to spend my time correcting blogs of people who show a strong desire to improve. I’m a work with a few of your blogs, but if you continue to ignore the little things I will move on to help other people.

 

Part Three: Where You Can Find More Information

Some people will want to know other ways to contact me. This bit of text will give you that information.

 

My free English classes:

See links on this website.  I will expand this later.  I teach English every Saturday at 8 p.m. Beijing Time on Skype.

My Skype ID: headsedge

(Note: another Sedgehead, a Canadian botanist who study sedges like me uses the name Sedgehead on Skype. She had wondered why she suddenly had many Chinese people trying to contact her. My name on Skype is Headsedge)

QQ 2563613199

Gmail, MSN, YahooIM, and on the internet generally www.dioenglish.com, www.lang-8.com, www.ok-english.net, etc.: Sedgehead

If you search the internet you can find many of my blogs on several sites under Sedgehead, or my real name, Philip E. Hyatt.

I am a professional writer, editor, botanist, and ecologist.